Continental Planning Precedents

South America, as it pursues continental integration through the deployment and tinkering of its infrastructural networks, has much to learn from other continents, “continental nations” and integration processes such as those undertaken by the United States of America, the European Union, the former Soviet Union, China and India in different time periods. These and other grand-scale territorial networks may provide keys in terms of evaluating the potential outcomes of infrastructural deployment along key ecologies in the region. The past and current experiences of others may also guide us towards alternative modes of infrastructural development that are not bound to become obsolete in the short term, as nations throughout the world attempt to up-grade their infrastructural networks in order to achieve greater energetic efficiency and autonomy, better water and waste management, and enhanced interconnectivity.