the IIRSA workshops


IIRSA integration axis. Drawing by Víctor M. Sanz














The first collective research Project of SAP, which will involve scholars of ten countries in South America who will be leading the development of SAP´s sub-networks throughout the region, will revolve around the critical reformulation of IIRSA, the Initiative for the Integration of Regional Infrastructures in South America. This Project takes as its point of departure the premise that South America should integrate infrastructurally, as it develops a common market and an open system of exchange (“open regionalism” in IIRSA´s terminology); but that it should not integrate with the sole, basic purpose of extracting raw materials for exportation. Infrastructures that respond merely to extraction purposes exponentially increase public debt; benefit very few citizens; create wasteful redundancies; promote the entropic, spontaneous colonization of fragile ecologies like the Amazon River basin; support environmental degradation; and contribute to perpetuate processes of capital concentration and drainage in the face of increasing poverty. With the objective of supporting an integration pattern which reaches beyond base extraction and mono-culture (agro-extraction), design teams throughout the region will investigate low impact alternatives capable of integrating infrastructure with ecology, city and architecture.



In order to structure a continental network we will build upon the geometries proposed by IIRSA through the establishment of 10 transnational axes or hubs of development. A group of scholars in each participating institution will be responsible for triggering multi-disciplinary, pluri-national and inter-institutional sub-networks devoted to a specific hub.


SAP Central Hub
Graduate School of Design, Harvard University
Felipe Correa, Director and Founding Member
Ana María Durán, Director and Founding Member (based in Quito, Ecuador)
Víctor Muñoz Sanz, Executive Director


SAP Sub-network Hubs - Directors & Universities:


iN1 Guianese Shield Hub
Tomás Cervilla
Universidad Simón Bolívar, Caracas, Venezuela

iN2 Andean Hub
Camilo Restrepo, Felipe Mesa & Miguel Mesa
Pontificia Bolivariana de Medellín, Medellín, Colombia
Camilo Restrepo, Felipe Mesa & Miguel Mesa, Luis Callejas + Mason White
Colectivo Archipiélago


iN3 Amazon Hub
Ana María Durán Calisto & Santiago del Hierro
Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Quito, Ecuador
Felipe Correa
Harvard University, Cambridge, USA


iN4 Central Interoceanic Hub
Mariana Leguía
Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima, Perú


iN5 Southern Andean Hub
Fernando Martínez
Universidad Mayor de San Andrés, La Paz, Bolivia


iN6 Peru-Brazil-Bolivia Hub
Angelo Bucci & Alexandre Delijaicov
Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Otavio Leonídio & Gabriel Duarte
Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


iN7 Paraguay-Paraná waterway Hub
Solano Benítez
Universidad Nacional de Asunción, Asunción, Paraguay


iN8 Capricorn Hub
Eugenio Garcés
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile


iN9 Mercosur-Chile Hub
Martín Cobas & Marcelo Danza
Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay


iN10 Southern Hub
Graciela Silvestri 
Universidad de La Plata, Argentina
Flavio Janches
Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Communication Strategies
Florencia Rodríguez & Pablo Gerson
Revista PLOT, Estudio X